Maximising value of EMS Placements on Cattle, Sheep and Horse Units


Norman Hayward Fund



Research Period


Area of study

Veterinary Education


Investigator(s): Dr David Main (University of Bristol), Dr Dorothy Mckeegan (University of Glasgow)

The aim of this project, undertaken by both the Universities of Bristol and Glasgow, was to maximise the benefits which could be gained from vet students completing extra mural studies in cattle, sheep and horse units. These are benefits felt not just by the vet student completing EMS but in turn farmers, horse owners, and the animals in question. It aimed to develop and validate welfare and health planning assessment tools for cattle, sheep and horses for students on their placements. Furthermore, the study aimed to develop teaching methods to enhance the ability of veterinary students to apply formal scientifically valid, practical welfare assessment in the field and enable them to ethically appraise what they see and do.

A computer-aided learning (CAL) educational resource was developed. The resource was designed to improve veterinary students' ability to critically review the effect on welfare of husbandry systems observed during their work placement on sheep farms. Findings indicated that use of CAL before farm placement improved students' ability to assess and report animal welfare as part of their extramural work experience.